Sexual Battery, commonly called rape or sexual assault are felonies that range from third degree up to life offenses. Also, Sexual Battery charges bring about designations such as a sex offender, sexual predator, and sex probation conditions which make life very difficult for a defendant. With such a designation, offenders are not allowed to live within 1000 feet of a school, church, day care, or anywhere children regularly gather. Also, in this information age, neighbors are regularly able to find sex offenders on the internet and Sexual battery cases are almost always handled by experienced detectives and prosecutors. Occasionally Sexual Battery charges are accompanied by Kidnapping or False Imprisonment charges as well. They are taken very seriously in the courtroom and by the Legislature. Sexual Battery charges are emotional and require a robust and level headed defense, giving all of the State's evidence, particularly the forensic evidence a very critical review.
Further, these cases are often a story of he said/she said affair. Unlike what is seen on TV, there are very few sexual batteries that are prosecuted that involve a defendant and victim who are complete strangers. Rather, most Florida and Georgia rape cases involve two persons who know each other; often two who are current in, or were just recently in a relationship. In fact, most claims of sexual battery involve one night stands that are later claimed to have been non-consensual.
Finally, promiscuity among young women these days has led to an increase in cases of improper sexual conduct between females 16 years and younger and men over 18 (known in Florida and Georgia as statutory rape). We have had several Jacksonville statutory rape cases involving young women who lied to our clients about their age. Rather than receiving the very stiff penalties called for under Florida's sentencing guidelines, our client have had their charges dropped or worked out for very favorable terms. Because each case is different, please call us to discuss your particular facts to see how we can help.
Illustrative Cases: We have represented multiple clients who were on sex offender probation or subject to Jimmy Ryce review case. One client who was violated multiple times for failure to register and a new domestic battery charge was time served and allowed to continue on probation when we were able to demonstrate the failure to register charges were not legitimate, and the two new domestic battery charges was fabricated by two different spurned ex-girlfriends.
In a Jimmy Ryce review case, we were able to get a client who traveled nationwide as a salesman off of his Jimmy Ryce review hearings when were we able to show that the psychiatrist had wrongfully kicked the client out of group treatment. We were able to find a substitute, private treatment session for the client, who reported to the court that the client did not need further treatment.
We also represented a 50 year old man with no prior record whose step-daughter accused him of inappropriate sexual conduct. We were able to show that the girl's story was impossible and the she had likely been coached by the step-daughter's father to make up the story because the father was trying to regain custody of the girl. We were able to locate friends of the girl who divulged that the girl confessed to making up the whole story. The client, who was looking at mandatory life in prison, had all charges dropped against him and we had his record expunged.
At Arnold Law Firm, we bring the best of the science and art of being a lawyer to court every day. We understand the trust placed in us by our clients and work hard to keep that trust. If you need help with a Florida or Georgia Sexual Battery (Rape) case, contact our experienced criminal defense attorneys for a 30 minute free consultation today at .
FLORIDA'S SEXUAL BATTERY/RAPE LAWS
794.005 Legislative findings and intent as to basic charge of sexual battery.
The Legislature finds that the least serious sexual battery offense, which is provided in s. 794.011(5), was intended, and remains intended, to serve as the basic charge of sexual battery and to be necessarily included in the offenses charged under subsections (3) and (4), within the meaning of s. 924.34; and that it was never intended that the sexual battery offense described in s. 794.011(5) require any force or violence beyond the force and violence that is inherent in the accomplishment of "penetration" or "union."
History.--s. 2, ch. 92-135.
794.011 Sexual battery.
794.0115 Dangerous sexual felony offender; mandatory sentencing.
(1) This section may be cited as the "Dangerous Sexual Felony Offender Act."
(2) Any person who is convicted of a violation of s. 787.025(2)(c); s. 794.011(2), (3), (4), (5), or (8); s. 800.04(4) or (5); s. 825.1025(2) or (3); s. 827.071(2), (3), or (4); or s. 847.0145; or of any similar offense under a former designation, which offense the person committed when he or she was 18 years of age or older, and the person:
(a) Caused serious personal injury to the victim as a result of the commission of the offense;
(b) Used or threatened to use a deadly weapon during the commission of the offense;
(c) Victimized more than one person during the course of the criminal episode applicable to the offense;
(d) Committed the offense while under the jurisdiction of a court for a felony offense under the laws of this state, for an offense that is a felony in another jurisdiction, or for an offense that would be a felony if that offense were committed in this state; or
(e) Has previously been convicted of a violation of s. 787.025(2)(c); s. 794.011(2), (3), (4), (5), or (8); s. 800.04(4) or (5); s. 825.1025(2) or (3); s. 827.071(2), (3), or (4); s. 847.0145; of any offense under a former statutory designation which is similar in elements to an offense described in this paragraph; or of any offense that is a felony in another jurisdiction, or would be a felony if that offense were committed in this state, and which is similar in elements to an offense described in this paragraph,
is a dangerous sexual felony offender, who must be sentenced to a mandatory minimum term of 25 years imprisonment up to, and including, life imprisonment.
(3) "Serious personal injury" means great bodily harm or pain, permanent disability, or permanent disfigurement.
(4) The offense described in subsection (2) which is being charged must have been committed after the date of commission of the last prior conviction for an offense that is a prior conviction described in paragraph (2)(e).
(5) It is irrelevant that a factor listed in subsection (2) is an element of an offense described in that subsection. It is also irrelevant that such an offense was reclassified to a higher felony degree under s. 794.023 or any other law.
(6) Notwithstanding s. 775.082(3), chapter 958, any other law, or any interpretation or construction thereof, a person subject to sentencing under this section must be sentenced to the mandatory term of imprisonment provided under this section. If the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment imposed under this section exceeds the maximum sentence authorized under s. 775.082, s. 775.084, or chapter 921, the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment under this section must be imposed. If the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment under this section is less than the sentence that could be imposed under s. 775.082, s. 775.084, or chapter 921, the sentence imposed must include the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment under this section.
(7) A defendant sentenced to a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment under this section is not eligible for statutory gain-time under s. 944.275 or any form of discretionary early release, other than pardon or executive clemency, or conditional medical release under s. 947.149, before serving the minimum sentence.
History.--s. 7, ch. 99-188; s. 1, ch. 2002-211; s. 1, ch. 2003-115; s. 3, ch. 2006-299.
794.02 Common-law presumption relating to age abolished.
The common-law rule "that a boy under 14 years of age is conclusively presumed to be incapable of committing the crime of rape" shall not be in force in this state.
History.--s. 1, ch. 4964, 1901; GS 3222; RGS 5052; CGL 7154; s. 2, ch. 74-121.
794.021 Ignorance or belief as to victim's age no defense.
When, in this chapter, the criminality of conduct depends upon the victim's being below a certain specified age, ignorance of the age is no defense. Neither shall misrepresentation of age by such person nor a bona fide belief that such person is over the specified age be a defense.
History.--s. 2, ch. 74-121.
794.022 Rules of evidence.
(1) The testimony of the victim need not be corroborated in a prosecution under s. 794.011.
(2) Specific instances of prior consensual sexual activity between the victim and any person other than the offender shall not be admitted into evidence in a prosecution under s. 794.011. However, such evidence may be admitted if it is first established to the court in a proceeding in camera that such evidence may prove that the defendant was not the source of the semen, pregnancy, injury, or disease; or, when consent by the victim is at issue, such evidence may be admitted if it is first established to the court in a proceeding in camera that such evidence tends to establish a pattern of conduct or behavior on the part of the victim which is so similar to the conduct or behavior in the case that it is relevant to the issue of consent.
(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, reputation evidence relating to a victim's prior sexual conduct or evidence presented for the purpose of showing that manner of dress of the victim at the time of the offense incited the sexual battery shall not be admitted into evidence in a prosecution under s. 794.011.
(4) When consent of the victim is a defense to prosecution under s. 794.011, evidence of the victim's mental incapacity or defect is admissible to prove that the consent was not intelligent, knowing, or voluntary; and the court shall instruct the jury accordingly.
(5) An offender's use of a prophylactic device, or a victim's request that an offender use a prophylactic device, is not, by itself, relevant to either the issue of whether or not the offense was committed or the issue of whether or not the victim consented.
History.--s. 2, ch. 74-121; s. 237, ch. 77-104; s. 1, ch. 83-258; s. 1, ch. 90-40; s. 5, ch. 90-174; s. 25, ch. 93-156; s. 1, ch. 94-80.
794.023 Sexual battery by multiple perpetrators; reclassification of offenses.
794.0235 Administration of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) to persons convicted of sexual battery.
1) Notwithstanding any other law, the court:
(a) May sentence a defendant to be treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), according to a schedule of administration monitored by the Department of Corrections, if the defendant is convicted of sexual battery as described in s. 794.011.
(b) Shall sentence a defendant to be treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), according to a schedule of administration monitored by the Department of Corrections, if the defendant is convicted of sexual battery as described in s. 794.011 and the defendant has a prior conviction of sexual battery under s. 794.011.
If the court sentences a defendant to be treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), the penalty may not be imposed in lieu of, or reduce, any other penalty prescribed under s. 794.011. However, in lieu of treatment with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), the court may order the defendant to undergo physical castration upon written motion by the defendant providing the defendant's intelligent, knowing, and voluntary consent to physical castration as an alternative penalty.
(2)(a) An order of the court sentencing a defendant to medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) treatment under subsection (1), shall be contingent upon a determination by a court appointed medical expert, that the defendant is an appropriate candidate for treatment. Such determination is to be made not later than 60 days from the imposition of sentence. Notwithstanding the statutory maximum periods of incarceration as provided in s. 775.082, an order of the court sentencing a defendant to medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) treatment shall specify the duration of treatment for a specific term of years, or in the discretion of the court, up to the life of the defendant.
(b) In all cases involving defendants sentenced to a period of incarceration, the administration of treatment with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) shall commence not later than one week prior to the defendant's release from prison or other institution.
(3) The Department of Corrections shall provide the services necessary to administer medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) treatment. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to require the continued administration of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) treatment when it is not medically appropriate.
(4) As used in this section, the term "prior conviction" means a conviction for which sentence was imposed separately prior to the imposition of the sentence for the current offense and which was sentenced separately from any other conviction that is to be counted as a prior conviction under this section.
(5) If a defendant whom the court has sentenced to be treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) fails or refuses to:
(a) Appear as required by the Department of Corrections for purposes of administering the medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA); or
History.--s. 1, ch. 97-184.
794.024 Unlawful to disclose identifying information.
1) A public employee or officer who has access to the photograph, name, or address of a person who is alleged to be the victim of an offense described in this chapter, chapter 800, s. 827.03, s. 827.04, or s. 827.071 may not willfully and knowingly disclose it to a person who is not assisting in the investigation or prosecution of the alleged offense or to any person other than the defendant, the defendant's attorney, a person specified in an order entered by the court having jurisdiction of the alleged offense, or organizations authorized to receive such information made exempt by s. 119.071(2)(h), or to a rape crisis center or sexual assault counselor, as defined in s. 90.5035(1)(b), who will be offering services to the victim.
History.--s. 6, ch. 95-207; s. 100, ch. 99-3; s. 2, ch. 2002-246; s. 50, ch. 2004-335; s. 52, ch. 2005-251.
794.026 Civil right of action for communicating the identity of a sexual crime victim.
1) An entity or individual who communicates to others, prior to open judicial proceedings, the name, address, or other specific identifying information concerning the victim of any sexual offense under this chapter or chapter 800 shall be liable to that victim for all damages reasonably necessary to compensate the victim for any injuries suffered as a result of such communication.
(2) The victim shall not be able to maintain a cause of action unless he or she is able to show that such communication was intentional and was done with reckless disregard for the highly offensive nature of the publication.
History.--s. 7, ch. 95-207.
794.027 Duty to report sexual battery; penalties.
1) Has reasonable grounds to believe that he or she has observed the commission of a sexual battery;
(2) Has the present ability to seek assistance for the victim or victims by immediately reporting such offense to a law enforcement officer;
(3) Fails to seek such assistance;
(4) Would not be exposed to any threat of physical violence for seeking such assistance;
(5) Is not the husband, wife, parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother, or sister of the offender or victim, by consanguinity or affinity; and
History.--s. 3, ch. 84-86; s. 1226, ch. 97-102.
794.05 Unlawful sexual activity with certain minors.
1) A person 24 years of age or older who engages in sexual activity with a person 16 or 17 years of age commits a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. As used in this section, "sexual activity" means oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by, or union with, the sexual organ of another; however, sexual activity does not include an act done for a bona fide medical purpose.
(2) The provisions of this section do not apply to a person 16 or 17 years of age who has had the disabilities of nonage removed under chapter 743.
(3) The victim's prior sexual conduct is not a relevant issue in a prosecution under this section.
(4) If an offense under this section directly results in the victim giving birth to a child, paternity of that child shall be established as described in chapter 742. If it is determined that the offender is the father of the child, the offender must pay child support pursuant to the child support guidelines described in chapter 61.
History.--RS 2598; s. 1, ch. 4965, 1901; GS 3521; s. 1, ch. 6974, 1915; s. 1, ch. 7732, 1918; RGS 5409; s. 1, ch. 8596, 1921; CGL 7552; s. 1, ch. 61-109; s. 759, ch. 71-136; s. 1, ch. 96-409.
794.065 Unlawful place of residence for persons convicted of certain sex offenses.
1) It is unlawful for any person who has been convicted of a violation of s. 794.011, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, s. 847.0135(5), or s. 847.0145, regardless of whether adjudication has been withheld, in which the victim of the offense was less than 16 years of age, to reside within 1,000 feet of any school, day care center, park, or playground. A person who violates this section and whose conviction under s. 794.011, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, s. 847.0135(5), or s. 847.0145 was classified as a felony of the first degree or higher commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. A person who violates this section and whose conviction under s. 794.011, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, s. 847.0135(5), or s. 847.0145 was classified as a felony of the second or third degree commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.--s. 2, ch. 2004-55; s. 21, ch. 2008-172.
794.075 Sexual predators; erectile dysfunction drugs.
(2) A person who violates a provision of this section for the first time commits a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. A person who violates a provision of this section a second or subsequent time commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.--s. 1, ch. 2006-150; s. 41, ch. 2008-207.
794.08 Female genital mutilation.
(1) As used in this section, the term "female genital mutilation" means the circumcising, excising, or infibulating, in whole or in part, the labia majora, labia minora, or clitoris of a female person.
(2) A person who knowingly commits, or attempts to commit, female genital mutilation upon a female person younger than 18 years of age commits a felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(3) A person who knowingly removes, or causes or permits the removal of, a female person younger than 18 years of age from this state for purposes of committing female genital mutilation commits a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(4) A person who is a parent, a guardian, or in a position of familial or custodial authority to a female person younger than 18 years of age and who knowingly consents to or permits the female genital mutilation of that female person commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(5) This section does not apply to procedures performed by or under the direction of a physician licensed under chapter 458, an osteopathic physician licensed under chapter 459, a registered nurse licensed under part I of chapter 464, a practical nurse licensed under part I of chapter 464, an advanced registered nurse practitioner licensed under part I of chapter 464, a midwife licensed under chapter 467, or a physician assistant licensed under chapter 458 or chapter 459 when necessary to preserve the physical health of a female person. This section also does not apply to any autopsy or limited dissection conducted pursuant to chapter 406.
(6) Consent of a female person younger than 18 years of age or the consent of a parent, guardian, or person who is in a position of familial or custodial authority to the female person younger than 18 years of age is not a defense to the offense of female genital mutilation.
History.--s. 1, ch. 2007-245.
Updated as of September 1, 2009 from http://www.flsenate.gov/.